Wang Jian Jiahe broke the Asian record with 15:45.59 in the 1500m freestyle preliminaries, but missed the final due to poor physical test results. Image source @新华社
It is gratifying for the athletes to set a new record in the preliminaries, but recently, this kind of surprise has changed a bit in the swimming pool. The competition rules of the National Swimming Championships that are being held in Qingdao stipulate that the top 16 athletes in the preliminaries must be ranked according to their physical fitness scores, and only the top 8 athletes in physical fitness can enter the final. As a result, Wang Jian Jiahe, who broke the Asian record for women's 1500m freestyle in the preliminary round, and Yu Hexin, who broke the national record for men's 50m freestyle, failed to go further. One stone stirred up a thousand waves, attracting attention and heated discussions from all parties.
For athletes, solid physical fitness is a prerequisite to ensure technical performance. In the Olympics, World Championships and other major competitions, intensive schedules and multi-shot competitions will cause athletes to produce huge physical energy. If there is no sufficient physical reserve, it is easy to lose energy in the back course, deform in the final moments, and lose competition with top players. force. At the 2018 Hangzhou Short Pool Swimming World Championships and last year's Gwangju World Swimming Championships, some Chinese athletes suffered from insufficient physical fitness in the second half of the race. They even felt very physically exhausted after they got out of the water, and it was difficult to take care of multiple events. Therefore, it is unquestionable to attach importance to physical fitness and strengthen physical fitness.
We should also see that there are obvious differences between different projects, with different specific physical requirements. It is understood that what the State Sports General Administration emphasizes is the lower "basic physical fitness." In a national team’s physical fitness test scoring standard released in February this year, it covered 10 items including BMI (body mass index), sitting forward bending, vertical jump, and 3000-meter running. The main basis for physical fitness tests in badminton and gymnastics.
From the perspective of strengthening physical fitness, it is imperative to promote weaker projects to make breakthroughs in projects that have been stagnant for many years. The improvement of basic physical fitness is also imperative. However, the physical fitness test results are linked to the promotion of the competition, and even some events are not better than the special events in the quarter-finals, which only compares the physical fitness, which also makes many sports fans call "cannot understand the competition." Take the National Swimming Championships as an example. If the athletes have the mentality of only swimming by one shot, they may be able to create results in the preliminary rounds, but they cannot detect the ability to fight continuously and cannot play the role of a simulation competition. The "side effects" brought about by this kind of game leverage cannot be ignored.
To speed up the building of a sports power, it is necessary to update sports concepts with the courage and wisdom of reform and innovation, learn from the beneficial experience of foreign countries, and inject new vitality and impetus into the development of sports in my country. The original intention of strengthening physical fitness is positively targeted, but the problems exposed at the specific operational level need to be treated with caution. How to ensure that the selection of physical fitness test items and the evaluation system are scientific and effective; how to make athletes and coaches' knowledge of physical fitness run through the daily links of training requires the sports department and relevant experts to provide authoritative answers based on scientific demonstrations , Respond to public concerns.
At the same time, in the actual implementation process, how to strictly implement the standards and ensure fairness and justice also needs to strengthen organizational management. The road to reform will inevitably have challenges of this kind. Facing the new problems in reform, we need to study and judge in a timely manner, deal with it scientifically, and seek truth from facts in order to achieve stability and long-term progress.
(Source: People’s Daily Review WeChat Official Account)